It will outline the fundamentals of gene structure and regulation that are essential to understand in order to understand cell biology. It will include discussion on major techniques used to study the gene, how it is transcribed, translated and regulated in the cell and how it has a role in regulating the function of the cell. It will also discuss different types of genetics, gene methylation, epigenetics and gene expression, if this approach is useful in plastic surgery. It will also discuss the role of gene transcription and expression in the cellular level. We will discuss the biological factors which are important in embryonic development. It will describe the techniques used in different fields of embryology, including: Nuclear acquisition and migration during embryogenesis; Pulse-chase experiments in embryonic systems; Hard Chromosomes used in human genetics; Cytogenetics and Chromosome distribution in early embryogenesis; Radiation hybrid mapping. It will explain to you the techniques of Cloning and Introduction of foreign genes into Animals and Human Embryonic Stem cells, Which are being used to cure genetic disorders and other diseases. It will also inform you about the techniques of gene targeting and its potential for in vivo gene marking, for example, in stem cell studies.
The Development of the tehnologies which allow us to observe immune mediated processes in vivo in the newborn and pediatric population would be insufficient to understand the role of these mechanisms in oncogenesis. It identifies the immediate and indirect effects of the crosstalk of cells with the extracellular matrix and the examples of cell cooperation which significantly influenced the continuance and perpetuation of cancer.
It will highlight the application of multifunctional receptors and their role in the immune system as receptors with a single binding pocket, which can discriminate between diverse ligands. It also delineates the role of multi-ligand receptors in innate and adaptive immunity and their role in allergic diseases mediating mast cell activation. It will also discuss some well known and non-frequently used subsets of lymphocytes with their gene expression profile in order to analyze elements of the immune system that can help to prevent or treat the symptoms of many infectious and allergic diseases. 7211a4ac4a